File under Gv and Gp as per the CHC taxonomy of human abilities.
Gymnasts and orienteers display better mental rotation performance than nonathletes.
Journal of Individual Differences, Vol 37(1), 2016, 1-7. http://dx.doi.org.ezp1.lib.umn.edu/10.1027/1614-0001/a000180
- The aim of this study was to examine whether athletes differ from nonathletes regarding their mental rotation performance. Furthermore, it investigated whether athletes doing sports requiring distinguishable levels of mental rotation (orienteering, gymnastics, running), as well as varying with respect to having an egocentric (gymnastics) or an allocentric perspective (orienteering), differ from each other. Therefore, the Mental Rotations Test (MRT) was carried out with 20 orienteers, 20 gymnasts, 20 runners, and 20 nonathletes. The results indicate large differences in mental rotation performance, with those actively doing sports outperforming the nonathletes. Analyses for the specific groups showed that orienteers and gymnasts differed from the nonathletes, whereas endurance runners did not. Contrary to expectations, the mental rotation performance of gymnasts did not differ from that of orienteers. This study also revealed gender differences in favor of men. Implications regarding a differentiated view of the connection between specific sports and mental rotation performance are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)