Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Happy new year from the blogmaster



*************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD.
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhub.com
**************************************

Monday, December 29, 2014

Sharing Sentence repetition is a measure of children's language skills rather than working memory limitations via BrowZine

Sentence repetition is a measure of children's language skills rather than working memory limitations
Klem, Marianne; Melby-Lervåg, Monica; Hagtvet, Bente; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Hulme, Charles
Developmental Science, Vol. 18 Issue 1 – 2015: 146 - 154

10.1111/desc.12202

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Saturday, December 27, 2014

Sharing Fighting for Intelligence: A Brief Overview of the Academic Work of John L. Horn via BrowZine

Fighting for Intelligence: A Brief Overview of the Academic Work of John L. Horn
McArdle, John J.; Hofer, Scott M.
Multivariate Behavioral Research, Vol. 49 Issue 1 – 2014: 1 - 16

10.1080/00273171.2013.841089

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Educational Psychologist
Director
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www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Sharing Clinical Utility of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition After Traumatic Brain Injury via BrowZine

Clinical Utility of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition After Traumatic Brain Injury
Donders, J.; Strong, C.-A. H.
Assessment, Vol. 22 Issue 1 – 2015: 17 - 22

10.1177/1073191114530776

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*********************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Sharing Anchor Selection Strategies for DIF Analysis: Review, Assessment, and New Approaches via BrowZine

Anchor Selection Strategies for DIF Analysis: Review, Assessment, and New Approaches
Kopf, J.; Zeileis, A.; Strobl, C.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 75 Issue 1 – 2015: 22 - 56

10.1177/0013164414529792

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*********************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Sharing Sex differences in academic achievement are not related to political, economic, or social equality via BrowZine

Sex differences in academic achievement are not related to political, economic, or social equality
Stoet, Gijsbert; Geary, David C.
Intelligence, Vol. 48 – 2015: 137 - 151

10.1016/j.intell.2014.11.006

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*********************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest [feedly]



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Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest
// NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA - Web of Knowledge

Title: Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest
Author(s): Beaty, Roger E.; Benedek, Mathias; Wilkins, Robin W.; et al.
Source: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, 64: 92-98 NOV 2014
IDS#: AU6TL. ISSN: 0028-3932
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Factor structure of Brazilian Gf-Gc intelligence test

Click on images to enlarge

 
Tuesday, December 23, 2014
6:22 PM
 

Diverse Autism Mutations Lead to Different Disease Outcomes

A task is a task is a task: Putting complex span, n-back, and other working memory indicators in ...

Monday, December 22, 2014

Sharing Invariance in the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales for Black and White referred students. via BrowZine

Invariance in the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales for Black and White referred students.
Beaujean, A. Alexander; McGlaughlin, Sean M.
Psychological Assessment, Vol. 26 Issue 4 – 2014: 1394 - 1399

10.1037/pas0000029

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*********************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Sharing Seeing red? The effect of colour on intelligence test performance via BrowZine

Seeing red? The effect of colour on intelligence test performance
Larsson, Emma E.C.; von Stumm, Sophie
Intelligence, Vol. 48 – 2015: 133 - 136

10.1016/j.intell.2014.11.007

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Sharing Borderline Intellectual Functioning: A Systematic Literature Review via BrowZine

Borderline Intellectual Functioning: A Systematic Literature Review
Peltopuro, Minna; Ahonen, Timo; Kaartinen, Jukka; Seppälä, Heikki; Närhi, Vesa
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 52 Issue 6 – 2014: 419 - 443

10.1352/1934-9556-52.6.419

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Saturday, December 20, 2014

Research byte: Gf and working memory share 60 to 70% variance

Click to enlarge image


Saturday, December 20, 2014
6:40 PM
 
 

Sharing Children's Vocabulary Growth in English and Spanish Across Early Development and Associations With School Readiness Skills via BrowZine

Children's Vocabulary Growth in English and Spanish Across Early Development and Associations With School Readiness Skills
Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Song, Lulu; Luo, Rufan; Kuchirko, Yana; Kahana-Kalman, Ronit; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Raufman, Julia
Developmental Neuropsychology, Vol. 39 Issue 2 – 2014: 69 - 87

10.1080/87565641.2013.827198

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*********************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhum.com
*********************************************

Cognitive assessment practices of school psychologists

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Thursday, December 18, 2014

127 scientists challenge the purported brain training "conse...

127 scientists challenge the purported brain training "consensus" released by Stanford Center for Longevity

sharpbrains.com  •  —"A group of 127 sci­en­tists sent an "open let­ter" to the Stan­ford Cen­ter for Longevity, today, in reac­tion to a recent state­ment by the cen­ter that was highly crit­i­cal of the emerg­ing …
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Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Article: How music class can spark language development


How music class can spark language development
http://www.psypost.org/2014/12/music-class-can-spark-language-development-30245

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Cognitive training data: Response letter



Homepage

cognitivetrainingdata.org  •  In October 2014, the Stanford Center on Longevity released a statement titled "A Consensus on the Brain Training Industry from the Scientific Community." However, the statement did not reflect a true …



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New Technology Advances Eye Tracking as Biomarker for Brain Function and Brain Injury




*************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD.
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhub.com
**************************************

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Belguim CHC conference Feb 2015: New angles on intelligence: A closer look at the CHC model

New angles on intelligence! A closer look at the CHC model is  conference scheduled for February 5 and 6 at Thomas Moore college in Antwerp, Belguim.  Information can be found here.

Monday, December 15, 2014

neuronal networks and brain waves




*************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD.
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
www.themindhub.com
**************************************

Sunday, December 14, 2014

Saturday, December 13, 2014

Sharing Dyscalculia and dyslexia in adults: Cognitive bases of comorbidity via BrowZine

Dyscalculia and dyslexia in adults: Cognitive bases of comorbidity
Wilson, Anna J.; Andrewes, Stuart G.; Struthers, Helena; Rowe, Victoria M.; Bogdanovic, Rajna; Waldie, Karen E.
Learning and Individual Differences, Vol. 37 – 2015: 118 - 132

10.1016/j.lindif.2014.11.017

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Sunday, December 07, 2014

The WJ IV Measurement of Auditory Processing (Ga): An online powerpoint slide show



The WJ IV Measurement of Auditory Processing (Ga) from Kevin McGrew

The WJ IV Cognitive and Oral Language include new measures of auditory processing (Ga) that are much more cognitively complex auditory measures of intelligence.  This short presentation provides an overview of the WJ IV Ga tests and presents evidence supporting the importance of Ga as a major component of human intelligence.

Saturday, December 06, 2014

Supreme Court Takes Case on Evidence of Intellectual Disability [feedly]



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Supreme Court Takes Case on Evidence of Intellectual Disability
// Crime and Consequences Blog

Kevan Brumfield murdered Police Corporal Betty Smothers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1993.  He went on trial in 1995.  Six years earlier the Supreme Court decided in Penry v. Lynaugh that mental retardation (now called intellectual disability) is a mitigating factor that the jury must be allowed to consider but not a categorical exclusion.  Brumfield's lawyers put on no evidence of retardation, instead arguing other factors as mitigation, and he was sentenced to death.

Seven years after the trial, the Supreme Court decided in Atkins v. Virginia that retardation would be a categorical exclusion after all.  The high court did not apologize for its flip-flop.  On state collateral review, the trial judge denied the petition on the basis of the trial record.

What to do on federal habeas?  The deference standard of 28 U.S.C. §2254(d) allows a federal court to grant relief despite a state court's denial on the merits if the state court's "adjudication of the claim ... (2) resulted in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in the State court proceeding." 

But what if the argument is that the state court's unreasonableness was in not allowing evidence, rather than assessment of evidence?  Can a rule to deal with that issue be crafted without opening the door to federal micromanagement of state collateral review or the wholesale relitigation that the AEDPA reforms were enacted to prevent?
And was the state court unreasonable in this case?  Brumfield's attorneys tell the Supreme Court, "defense counsel had no reason to argue mental retardation, particularly given that the trial took place before Atkins ...."  Nonsense.  Penry was the law at the time of trial, they had the right to put on mental retardation evidence as a mitigating circumstance, and retardation is a powerful mitigator.  (If it isn't, then Atkins was wrongly decided.)  There is language in some Supreme Court cases to the effect that retardation evidence can sometimes be a "two-edged sword," but it's hard to see that in this case.  Retardation is surely a more powerful mitigator than the stuff he was arguing.  From the certiorari petition for Brumfield:

Dr. Bolter concluded that, as a child, Petitioner appeared to have a conduct disorder, educational problems, and attention deficit disorder, and, as an adult, had more of an antisocial or sociopathic personality, continued attention difficulty, and a rapid rate of forgetting. See Pet. App. 122a-23a. Dr. Guin concluded that Brumfield's childhood was "very chaotic, [and] very complicated" and he had a non-supportive environment at home. See Pet. App. 124a.
Trial counsel passed on the powerful mitigator of retardation to avoid undercutting his "mitigating" evidence of "antisocial or sociopathic personality"?  Come off it.  Sociopathy is aggravating!

Even so, Atkins is different from Penry, and state collateral review courts should allow evidence of retardation in pre-Atkins cases when a sufficient preliminary showing of a substantial Atkins claim has been made, regardless of whether any retardation evidence was introduced at trial.  What to do when they do not?

Congress wasn't thinking about this situation when it enacted AEDPA.  It will take some doing to craft an acceptable answer and fit it into the statutory language.

The Supreme Court took up the case today in Brumfield v. Cain, No. 13-1433.

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Working memory and Gf shared variance



 
Saturday, December 6, 2014
11:20 AM
 


 

Article: Myth-conceptions: How myths about the brain are hampering teaching


Myth-conceptions: How myths about the brain are hampering teaching
http://www.psypost.org/2014/10/myth-conceptions-myths-brain-hampering-teaching-28746

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Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist 
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics
*********************************************

Article: Does Losing Handwriting In School Mean Losing Other Skills Too?




Thursday, December 04, 2014

Friday, November 21, 2014

Introducing The Psychology Podcast with Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman [feedly]

My good friend Scott Barry Kaufman has a new podcastt

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Introducing The Psychology Podcast with Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
// Scientific American - Mind & Brain

It's my great pleasure to introduce The Psychology Podcast with Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman, where we give you insights into the mind, brain, behavior and creativity.

-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Thursday, November 20, 2014

Article: What happens inside musicians' brains when they play?


What happens inside musicians' brains when they play?
http://boingboing.net/2014/11/20/what-happens-inside-musicians.html

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Sharing The magical numbers 7 and 4 are resistant to the Flynn effect: No evidence for increases in forward or backward recall across 85 years of data via BrowZine

The magical numbers 7 and 4 are resistant to the Flynn effect: No evidence for increases in forward or backward recall across 85 years of data
Gignac, Gilles E.
Intelligence, Vol. 48 – 2015: 85 - 95

10.1016/j.intell.2014.11.001

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Journal Intelligence-Vol 48, 2015 Table of Contents

Click on image to enlarge



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Tuesday, November 18, 2014

White Matter Microstructure Predicts Autistic Traits in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [feedly]



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White Matter Microstructure Predicts Autistic Traits in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
// JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS - Web of Knowledge

Title: White Matter Microstructure Predicts Autistic Traits in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Author(s): Cooper, Miriam; Thapar, Anita; Jones, Derek K.
Source: JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, 44 (11): 2742-2754 NOV 2014
IDS#: AR6XK. ISSN: 0162-3257
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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Article: Study Reports Musicians Show Advantages in Long Term Memory


Study Reports Musicians Show Advantages in Long Term Memory
http://neurosciencenews.com/long-term-memory-music-neuroscience-1551/

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Thursday, November 13, 2014

SES and IQ: Longitudinal twin study

Yet another study demonstrating the significant relation between SES and intelligence, this time a large longitudinal study of twins. Click on images to enlarge. Prior SES posts can be found here.







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Gf (Ravens) training: Improved Gf, Gv, or cognitive strategies?

Very thought provoking article with solid methodological recommendations for conducting research on brain training programs that are inteneded to increase fluid intelligence (Gf) or working memory (Gwm).




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Sharing Seeing Perfectly Fitting Factor Models That Are Causally Misspecified: Understanding That Close-Fitting Models Can Be Worse via BrowZine

Seeing Perfectly Fitting Factor Models That Are Causally Misspecified: Understanding That Close-Fitting Models Can Be Worse
Hayduk, L.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 74 Issue 6 – 2014: 905 - 926

10.1177/0013164414527449

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Wednesday, November 12, 2014

A good concise definition of mind wandering: Due to default brain network

Mind-wandering has been defined as “a situation in which executive control shifts away from a primary task to the processing of personal goals . . . [and] often occurs without intention or even awareness that one's mind has drifted” (Smallwood & Schooler, 2006, p. 946).

Click on image to enalrge

 

Article: Bilingual brains better equipped to process information


Bilingual brains better equipped to process information
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-11-bilingual-brains-equipped.html

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Saturday, November 01, 2014

Klingberg on working memory dev/trng, P-FIT model, neural/temporal efficiency, bran networks and cognitive development

Excellent article by Klingberg (2014) (copy with annnotated comments and links to other research) that brings together important constructs of working memory (Gwm), working memory training, brain networks and synchronization, white matter mattters, neuroal and temporal processing efficiency, and maturation and training effects on children's cognitive development.
The article does a good job of "connecting the dots" from many different programs of research.

Sharing A Review of Missing Data Handling Methods in Education Research via BrowZine

A Review of Missing Data Handling Methods in Education Research
Cheema, J. R.
Review of Educational Research, Vol. 84 Issue 4 – 2014: 487 - 508

10.3102/0034654314532697

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Friday, October 31, 2014

Article: NIMH creates new unit to support its research domain criteria initiative


NIMH creates new unit to support its research domain criteria initiative
http://www.nih.gov/news/health/oct2014/nimh-31.htm

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Sharing The ICAP Framework: Linking Cognitive Engagement to Active Learning Outcomes via BrowZine

The ICAP Framework: Linking Cognitive Engagement to Active Learning Outcomes
Chi, Michelene T. H.; Wylie, Ruth
Educational Psychologist, Vol. 49 Issue 4 – 2014: 219 - 243

10.1080/00461520.2014.965823

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Sharing Working Memory and Strategy Use Contribute to Gender Differences in Spatial Ability via BrowZine

Working Memory and Strategy Use Contribute to Gender Differences in Spatial Ability
Wang, Lu; Carr, Martha
Educational Psychologist, Vol. 49 Issue 4 – 2014: 261 - 282

10.1080/00461520.2014.960568

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Article: Checklist to Evaluate Brain Fitness Software and Brain Games


Checklist to Evaluate Brain Fitness Software and Brain Games
http://sharpbrains.com/resources/10-question-evaluation-checklist/

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Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Sharing Childhood cognitive development as a skill via BrowZine

Childhood cognitive development as a skill
Klingberg, Torkel
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 18 Issue 11 – 2014: 573 - 579

10.1016/j.tics.2014.06.007

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DANA Brain Vitals: FDA approved mobile assessment designed for use in military


I just learned about the DANA Brain Vitals mobile brain assessment system while participating in the Sharp Brains Virtual Summit-2014.  FDA approved.  Interesting.

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Article: Meta-Analysis of Associations Between Human Brain Volume And Intelligence Differences: How Strong Are They and What Do They Mean?


Meta-Analysis of Associations Between Human Brain Volume And Intelligence Differences: How Strong Are They and What Do They Mean?
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2512128

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Article: In Praise of Zoning Out




What is attentional control?


Attentional control (AC:)  "The ability to focus on task-relevant stimuli and ignore task-irrelevant stimuli.  The ability to regulate intentionality and direct cognitive processing.  Sometimes referred to as spotlight or focal attention, focus, control of attention, executive controlled attention or executive attention"(McGrew, LaForte, & Schrank, 2014; WJ IV technical manual).

AC is suggested to be a fundamental, possibly core, ability in understanding working memory capacity.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Sharing Mental ability and information processing during discrimination of auditory motion patterns: Effects on P300 and mismatch negativity via BrowZine

Mental ability and information processing during discrimination of auditory motion patterns: Effects on P300 and mismatch negativity
De Pascalis, Vilfredo; Varriale, Enrico; Fulco, Maria; Fracasso, Francesca
Intelligence, Vol. 47 – 2014: 93 - 106

10.1016/j.intell.2014.09.006

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Sharing Fluid intelligence shares closer to 60% of its variance with working memory capacity and is a better indicator of general intelligence via BrowZine

Fluid intelligence shares closer to 60% of its variance with working memory capacity and is a better indicator of general intelligence
Gignac, Gilles E.
Intelligence, Vol. 47 – 2014: 122 - 133

10.1016/j.intell.2014.09.004

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Sunday, October 19, 2014

Sharing The role of (dis)inhibition in creativity: Decreased inhibition improves idea generation via BrowZine

The role of (dis)inhibition in creativity: Decreased inhibition improves idea generation
Radel, Rémi; Davranche, Karen; Fournier, Marion; Dietrich, Arne
Cognition, Vol. 134 – 2015: 110 - 120

10.1016/j.cognition.2014.09.001

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******************************************************

Thursday, October 09, 2014

Mind wandering: Annual Review of Psychology review

A nice, concise review of the mind wandering research is now available in the Annual Review of Psychology. Click on images to enlarge.

Previous posts on mind wandering can be found at the Brain Clock blog at this link.







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Tuesday, October 07, 2014

The WJ IV Test of Achievement--Alternate Forms Equivalence Assessment Service Bulletin

A supplement to the WJ IV technical manual, which provides new (and some previously published) equivalence evidence for the alternate forms of the WJ IV Tests of Achievement, is now available from the publisher (click here). As described at the website:

This bulletin is an executive summary and discussion of all extant alternate-forms equivalence data gathered for the WJ IV Tests of Achievement.

The WJ IV Technical Manual (McGrew, LaForte & Schrank, 2014) contains information about how the three forms of each test were constructed to be equivalent in content coverage, difficulty, and measurement error. A summary of these procedures is included in Part A of this bulletin. Part B includes the descriptions and results of two recently completed alternate-forms studies. These studies contribute to the accumulation of evidence regarding the equivalence of the WJ IV ACH Standard tests. Additionally, these studies present an example of methodology appropriate for evaluating empirical evidence for alternate-forms equivalence in the context of individually administered assessments.


Conflict of interest disclosure: I am a coauthor of the WJ IV battery.




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Article: Intelligence Is Critical to the Future of Humankind



Friday, October 03, 2014

Sharing Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest via BrowZine

Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest
Beaty, Roger E.; Benedek, Mathias; Wilkins, Robin W.; Jauk, Emanuel; Fink, Andreas; Silvia, Paul J.; Hodges, Donald A.; Koschutnig, Karl; Neubauer, Aljoscha C.
Neuropsychologia, Vol. 64 – 2014: 92 - 98

10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.019

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
www.themindhub.com
******************************************************

Sharing Does intelligence explain the association between generalized trust and economic development? via BrowZine

Does intelligence explain the association between generalized trust and economic development?
Carl, Noah
Intelligence, Vol. 47 – 2014: 83 - 92

10.1016/j.intell.2014.08.008

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
www.themindhub.com
******************************************************

Sharing Using a prison sample to assess the association between the general factor of personality and general intelligence via BrowZine

Using a prison sample to assess the association between the general factor of personality and general intelligence
Dunkel, Curtis S.; van der Linden, Dimitri; Beaver, Kevin M.; Woodley, Michael A.
Intelligence, Vol. 47 – 2014: 72 - 82

10.1016/j.intell.2014.09.003

University of Minnesota Users:
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Non-University of Minnesota Users: (Full text may not be available)
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Accessed with BrowZine, supported by University of Minnesota.


******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
www.themindhub.com
******************************************************

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Sharing Fronto-parietal network supports context-dependent speech comprehension via BrowZine

Fronto-parietal network supports context-dependent speech comprehension
Smirnov, Dmitry; Glerean, Enrico; Lahnakoski, Juha M.; Salmi, Juha; Jääskeläinen, Iiro P.; Sams, Mikko; Nummenmaa, Lauri
Neuropsychologia, Vol. 63 – 2014: 293 - 303

10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.007

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