Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Article: Unpacking the Science: How Playing Music Changes the Learning Brain




Self-Regulation Strategies for Students With Learning Disabilities [feedly]



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Self-Regulation Strategies for Students With Learning Disabilities
// Scientific Learning - Fast ForWord Reading Program | Educational ...

Self-regulation strategies

When a student with a learning disability struggles academically, it's logical to think that the issue is related to the student's deficit in a specific ability. And while that may be true, there might be more to it. Students with learning disabilities often encounter academic difficulties, at least in part, because they don't have effective strategies for working through challenges.

One effective tool that students can use to improve academic performance, regardless of ability, is self-regulation. Self-regulation is the process by which students take charge of their own learning, monitoring their behavior and progress and making adjustments along the way to get from idea to execution. It's the transformation of thought into purposeful action. Here are several strategies teachers can introduce for use in the classroom and at home:

Setting Goals

Goal setting is an important part of self-regulation and can be foundational to other self-regulation strategies. When used effectively, the process of goal setting gives students an opportunity to observe their own behavior and pinpoint areas for improvement. It helps students identify what they need to do, lets them see how they are progressing, and motivates them to act productively.

Students should set goals for themselves that are specific and challenging, but not too hard. A goal should be quickly attainable so students can experience a sense of accomplishment and move on to tackle the next one. For example, when two students are struggling with homework, each might need to set a different goal to see improvement. The first student might identify time management as a problem and decide to cut out a leisure activity in order to achieve the goal of completing homework before dinnertime each day that week. The second student might realize that he needs to bring his class notes home from school every day so he has the information he needs to achieve his goal of completing all of his homework assignments for the week.

Self-Monitoring

Students self-monitor by asking themselves whether they have engaged in a specific, desired behavior. Building on the goal-setting examples above, our students might ask themselves, Am I using my time in the right way to complete my homework by dinnertime?Or, Did I put all of my homework assignments in my backpack to take home?Students may find it helpful to self-monitor for behaviors like paying attention, staying on task, following strategy steps, and meeting performance expectations such as completing all homework problems or spelling 8 of 10 spelling words correctly.

Self-Instruction

Self-instruction is also sometimes called "self-talk" and is part of normal development for many younger children. It can also be quite powerful when used by students of any age to purposefully self-regulate and direct learning behavior. For example, a student who is struggling to comprehend a challenging text might think, I need to look up the definitions of these unfamiliar words and read this page again.

Students can use self-talk to remind themselves to focus their attention, to take positive steps when faced with difficulties, to reinforce positive behaviors, and more. Teachers can model effective self-talk, but should allow each student to create and use her own statements. A little advance planning can be helpful here. Coming up with the right phrase in the heat of the moment – when focus has been lost or frustrations are running high – is unlikely to help. But taking a little time to write out some useful statements before starting a new project or beginning a homework assignment can enable students get themselves out of a tight spot.

Self-Reinforcement

Self-reinforcement occurs when a student chooses a motivating reward and then awards it to himself when he achieves a milestone. Self-reinforcement can be used over shorter and longer timeframes and can tie into goals. Our student who has identified time-management as an issue, for example, might decide, I can go to the movies on Sunday because I finished all of my homework before dinnertime every night this week.

Self-reinforcement can also work well in the classroom. Teachers and students can select rewards together and teachers can let students know how to earn them. Once a student has met the criteria for a reward, she can award it to herself – say, by selecting a sticker for her journal after completing the day's writing assignment and getting her teacher's approval.

Purposeful Learning

Becoming a better self-regulator isn't a panacea for academic difficulties, but students with learning disabilities who learn effective self-regulation strategies will have some advantages. They will have tools in their toolbox that they can try out in a variety of situations before seeking outside help, or when help is not immediately available. They will understand how their behavior influences their results. And they will understand that their learning is a purposeful, active process in which they play the leading role.

Best of all, these self-regulation strategies can benefit all learners, not just those who are struggling. Why not give them a try?

References:

Reid, R., Lienemann, T.O., & Hagaman, J.L. (2013). Strategy Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities,(2nd ed.) .New York: Guilford Press.

Self-Regulation. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://cehs.unl.edu/csi/self.shtml



Article: Concerto - Ravens Progressive Matrices test project




Monday, July 21, 2014

Sharing Reassessing Models of Basal Ganglia Function and Dysfunction via BrowZine

Reassessing Models of Basal Ganglia Function and Dysfunction
Nelson, Alexandra B.; Kreitzer, Anatol C.
Annual Review of Neuroscience, Vol. 37 Issue 1 – 2013: 117 - 135

10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-013916

University of Minnesota Users:
https://www.lib.umn.edu/log.phtml?url=http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-013916

Non-University of Minnesota Users: (Full text may not be available)
http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-013916

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Thursday, July 17, 2014

Excellent article on self-control in children

This is an excellent overview article re: the construct of self-control. It also compares and contrasts self-control research with the self-regulatory learning strategy research literature. Click on images to enlarge.












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Sharing Solving the puzzle of why Finns have the highest IQ, but one of the lowest number of Nobel prizes in Europe via BrowZine

Solving the puzzle of why Finns have the highest IQ, but one of the lowest number of Nobel prizes in Europe
Dutton, Edward; te Nijenhuis, Jan; Roivainen, Eka
Intelligence, Vol. 46 – 2014: 192 - 202

10.1016/j.intell.2014.06.006

University of Minnesota Users:
https://www.lib.umn.edu/log.phtml?url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289614000920

Non-University of Minnesota Users: (Full text may not be available)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289614000920

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Article: What Predicts Success? It's Not Your IQ

This article is very consistent with IQ's Corner's Beyond IQ and Model of Academic Competence and Motivation (MCACM).  See info at this link   http://www.iqscorner.com/search/label/Beyond%20IQ



Article: Cognitive profiles are rarely flat.

Another awesome and Gv brilliant post from Joel Schneider
Cognitive profiles are rarely flat.
http://assessingpsyche.wordpress.com/2014/07/17/cognitive-profiles-are-rarely-flat/

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Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Special issue of Intelligence on expertise: TOC

Below are images of the TOC for the special issue of Intelligence on expertise. Click in images to enlarge.






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Introduction to the intelligence special issue on the development of expertise: is ability necessary? [feedly]

Excellent issue with variety of opinions, based on research and theory, on expertise development.

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Introduction to the intelligence special issue on the development of expertise: is ability necessary?
// INTELLIGENCE - Web of Knowledge

Title: Introduction to the intelligence special issue on the development of expertise: is ability necessary?
Author(s): Detterman, Douglas K.
Source: INTELLIGENCE, 45: 1-5 JUL-AUG 2014
IDS#: AJ6BD. ISSN: 0160-2896
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A Meta-Analysis of Differences in IQ Profiles Between Individuals with Asperger's Disorder and High-Functioning Autism [feedly]



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A Meta-Analysis of Differences in IQ Profiles Between Individuals with Asperger's Disorder and High-Functioning Autism
// JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS - Web of Knowledge

Title: A Meta-Analysis of Differences in IQ Profiles Between Individuals with Asperger's Disorder and High-Functioning Autism
Author(s): Chiang, Hsu-Min; Tsai, Luke Y.; Cheung, Ying Kuen; et al.
Source: JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, 44 (7): 1577-1596 JUL 2014
IDS#: AJ5TY. ISSN: 0162-3257
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In Search of "Anything That Would Help": Parent Perspectives on Emerging Neurotechnologies [feedly]



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In Search of "Anything That Would Help": Parent Perspectives on Emerging Neurotechnologies
// JOURNAL OF ATTENTION DISORDERS - Web of Knowledge

Title: In Search of "Anything That Would Help": Parent Perspectives on Emerging Neurotechnologies
Author(s): Borgelt, Emily L.; Buchman, Daniel Z.; Weiss, Margaret; et al.
Source: JOURNAL OF ATTENTION DISORDERS, 18 (5): 395-401 JUL 2014
IDS#: AJ5GD. ISSN: 1087-0547
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Tuesday, July 15, 2014

The Flynn Effect Archive Project: 7-15-14 update

I am pleased to announce an update of the Flynn Effect Archive Project. Information on the project and how to access the on-line archive can be found at this link.

Click on image to enlarge.


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More on "white matter matters"




A nice summary of the importance of white matter as the brain's communication backbone system over at the IM-Home blog.

Note that some of my writings are featured in the post and that I do have a conflict of interest via my consultant role with Interactive Metronome.


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Monday, July 14, 2014

Motor skill acquisition meta-analysis: File under Gp (broad motor domain) in CHC model

Click image to enlarge


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Sharing Functional neuroanatomical evidence for the double-deficit hypothesis of developmental dyslexia via BrowZine

Functional neuroanatomical evidence for the double-deficit hypothesis of developmental dyslexia
Norton, Elizabeth S.; Black, Jessica M.; Stanley, Leanne M.; Tanaka, Hiroko; Gabrieli, John D.E.; Sawyer, Carolyn; Hoeft, Fumiko
Neuropsychologia, Vol. 61 – 2014: 235 - 246

10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.06.015

University of Minnesota Users:
https://www.lib.umn.edu/log.phtml?url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393214001961

Non-University of Minnesota Users: (Full text may not be available)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393214001961

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WJ IV Cognitive Battery: Overview of GIA and CHC clusters - a WJ IV slideshow


Saturday, July 12, 2014

Sharing Scaffolding in Teacher–Student Interaction: A Decade of Research via BrowZine

Scaffolding in Teacher–Student Interaction: A Decade of Research
van de Pol, Janneke; Volman, Monique; Beishuizen, Jos
Educational Psychology Review, Vol. 22 Issue 3 – 2010: 271 - 296

10.1007/s10648-010-9127-6

University of Minnesota Users:
https://www.lib.umn.edu/log.phtml?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10648-010-9127-6

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Article: Embrace the remix

Interesting perspective on creativity being built on the works of others.



Article: Two visualizations for explaining "variance explained"

More Gv brilliance from Dr Joel Schneider
Two visualizations for explaining "variance explained"
http://assessingpsyche.wordpress.com/2014/07/10/two-visualizations-for-explaining-variance-explained/

Shared from W. Joel Schneider on Flipboard. Download Flipboard for free here.


BPS Research Digest Link feast [feedly]



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Link feast
// BPS Research Digest

Our pick of the best psychology and neuroscience links from the past week:

Why sports psychologists couldn't save Brazil's World Cup hopes
Angela Patmore argues that the Brazilian team were given flawed advice - they were encouraged to relax, rather than trained to increase their mental resilience.

Open message to the European Commission concerning the Human Brain Project
Nearly 600 neuroscientists have signed an open letter criticising the European Commission's ambitious €1 Billion Human Brain Project for being too narrow in its focus. The Project (which aims to create a computer simulation of the human brain) has published its official response as a pdf.

On the emptiness of failed replications
Many scholars have called for more emphasis and status to be given to replication attempts in psychology. Here, Harvard psychology professor Jason Mitchell argues that replication attempts are largely pointless. His essay has provoked several responses, including from Pete Etchells, Tom Stafford, and Neuroskeptic.

Babies' Minds
Listen again on BBC iPlayer as Claudia Hammond explores the latest research on infant cognition and brain development.

Beyond a joke: how to study laughter scientifically
Find out what happened when Sophie Scott asked a comedy audience to wear "special hats, [and] breath belts round their middles".

Praise them!
"Everyone thinks that too much praise can turn children into entitled monsters," says Carlin Flora, introducing her Aeon essay, "but the science isn't nearly that simple."

Blood test for Alzheimer's "no better than coin toss"
NHS Choices with a sober analysis of the research behind sensational media reports that said a new blood test could identify the start of dementia with high accuracy.

'Wisdom of the crowd': The myths and realities
Philip Ball summarises research that tells us when crowds are smart and when they're dumb. To boost group intelligence, he says, add new members who are as different as possible from the current set.

The Fault in Our DNA 
Science writer David Dobbs reviews Nicholas Wade's A Troublesome Inheritance:  "a deeply flawed, deceptive and dangerous book."

The Myth of the Alpha Male
Psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman explains there are two ways to commanding respect as a man: one is via dominance, the other is via prestige. And it's the latter, associated with altruism and kindness, that leads to long term popularity and success.

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Post compiled by Christian Jarrett (@psych_writer) for the BPS Research Digest.

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Friday, July 11, 2014

Sharing Cognitive development: changing views of cognitive change via BrowZine

Cognitive development: changing views of cognitive change
Newcombe, Nora S.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, Vol. 4 Issue 5 – 2013: 479 - 491

10.1002/wcs.1245

University of Minnesota Users:
https://www.lib.umn.edu/log.phtml?url=http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/wcs.1245

Non-University of Minnesota Users: (Full text may not be available)
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/wcs.1245

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