Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R. A., VanEssen, D. C., & Wager, T. D. (2010). Cognitive neuroscience 2.0: building a cumulative science of human brain function. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(11), 489-496.
Cognitive neuroscientists increasingly recognize that continued progress in understanding human brain function will require not only the acquisition of new data, but also the synthesis and integration of data across studies and laboratories. Here we review ongoing efforts to develop a more cumulative science of human brain function. We discuss the rationale for an increased focus on formal synthesis of the cognitive neuroscience literature, provide an overview of recently developed tools and platforms designed to facilitate the sharing and integration of neuroimaging data, and conclude with a discussion of several emerging developments that hold even greater promise in advancing the study of human brain function.
Science by synthesis
Most neuroimaging studies are underpowered
False positive results are prevalent
Direct replication is uncommon
Selective association is difficult to establish
Formal structure is needed
Data aggregation, atlasing and sharing
Greater automation and standardization of data reporting and processing
Images, not foci
Open cognitive neuroscience
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