Wednesday, January 06, 2010

iPost: Infants preference for musical structure

Developmental Psychology - Vol 46, Iss 1
Developmental Psychology publishes articles that advance knowledge and theory about human development across the life span.

Infants prefer the musical meter of their own culture: A cross-cultural comparison.

Tue, Jan 5 2010 7:15 AM 
by Soley, Gaye; Hannon, Erin E.

Infants prefer native structures such as familiar faces and languages. Music is a universal human activity containing structures that vary cross-culturally. For example, Western music has temporally regular metric structures, whereas music of the Balkans (e.g., Bulgaria, Macedonia, Turkey) can have both regular and irregular structures. We presented 4- to 8-month-old American and Turkish infants with contrasting melodies to determine whether cultural background would influence their preferences for musical meter. In Experiment 1, American infants preferred Western over Balkan meter, whereas Turkish infants, who were familiar with both Western and Balkan meters, exhibited no preference. Experiments 2 and 3 presented infants with either a Western or Balkan meter paired with an arbitrary rhythm with complex ratios not common to any musical culture. Both Turkish and American infants preferred Western and Balkan meter to an arbitrary meter. Infants' musical preferences appear to be driven by culture-specific experience and a culture-general preference for simplicity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)


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1 comment:

Christine said...

That's interesting. That's why some people find certain foreign music to be annoying. They are already conditioned as to what music will be pleasing to them.