Sunday, January 29, 2017

Research Byte: Working memory tasks train working memory but not reasoning: A material- and operation-specific investigation of transfer from working memory practice via BrowZine

Working memory tasks train working memory but not reasoning: A material- and operation-specific investigation of transfer from working memory practice
Hilbert, Sven; Schwaighofer, Matthias; Zech, Alexandra; Sarubin, Nina; Arendasy, Martin; Bühner, Markus
Intelligence: Articles in press



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Alzheimer's disease: Music, meditation may improve early cognitive decline



Alzheimer's disease: Music, meditation may improve early cognitive decline

From Medical News Today on Flipboard

Meditation and music listening programs have shown promise in improving measures of cognitive and memory in adults with…

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Saturday, January 28, 2017

Research Byte: Individual Differences in Rhythmic Skills: Links with Neural Consistency and Linguistic Ability via BrowZine

Individual Differences in Rhythmic Skills: Links with Neural Consistency and Linguistic Ability
Tierney, Adam; White-Schwoch, Travis; MacLean, Jessica; Kraus, Nina
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience: Articles in press



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A sex difference that won’t go away and measurement invariance – Clear Language, Clear Mind



A sex difference that won't go away and measurement invariance – Clear Language, Clear Mind

Whitley, E., Deary, I. J., Ritchie, S. J., Batty, G. D., Kumari, M., & Benzeval, M. (2016). Variations in…

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A hierarchical causal taxonomy of psychopathology across the life span. [feedly]



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A hierarchical causal taxonomy of psychopathology across the life span.
// Psychological Bulletin - Vol 136, Iss 4

We propose a taxonomy of psychopathology based on patterns of shared causal influences identified in a review of multivariate behavior genetic studies that distinguish genetic and environmental influences that are either common to multiple dimensions of psychopathology or unique to each dimension. At the phenotypic level, first-order dimensions are defined by correlations among symptoms; correlations among first-order dimensions similarly define higher-order domains (e.g., internalizing or externalizing psychopathology). We hypothesize that the robust phenotypic correlations among first-order dimensions reflect a hierarchy of increasingly specific etiologic influences. Some nonspecific etiologic factors increase risk for all first-order dimensions of psychopathology to varying degrees through a general factor of psychopathology. Other nonspecific etiologic factors increase risk only for all first-order dimensions within a more specific higher-order domain. Furthermore, each first-order dimension has its own unique causal influences. Genetic and environmental influences common to family members tend to be nonspecific, whereas environmental influences unique to each individual are more dimension-specific. We posit that these causal influences on psychopathology are moderated by sex and developmental processes. This causal taxonomy also provides a novel framework for understanding the heterogeneity of each first-order dimension: Different persons exhibiting similar symptoms may be influenced by different combinations of etiologic influences from each of the 3 levels of the etiologic hierarchy. Furthermore, we relate the proposed causal taxonomy to transdimensional psychobiological processes, which also impact the heterogeneity of each psychopathology dimension. This causal taxonomy implies the need for changes in strategies for studying the etiology, psychobiology, prevention, and treatment of psychopathology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
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Thursday, January 26, 2017

Research Byte: Cognitive representation of “musical fractals”: Processing hierarchy and recursion in the auditory domain via BrowZine

Why we should stop worrying about our wandering minds



Why we should stop worrying about our wandering minds

From BBC Future on Flipboard

Daydreaming has a bad reputation, but neuroscientists are beginning to realise that a wandering mind is not only typical – it might be beneficial.…

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Research Byte: Difference in brain activation patterns of individuals with high and low intelligence in linguistic and visuo-spatial tasks: An EEG study via BrowZine

Difference in brain activation patterns of individuals with high and low intelligence in linguistic and visuo-spatial tasks: An EEG study
Kang, Jun-Su; Ojha, Amitash; Lee, Giyoung; Lee, Minho
Intelligence: Articles in press



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Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Research Byte: Is ability-based emotional intelligence impervious to the Flynn effect? A cross-temporal meta-analysis (2001–2015) via BrowZine

Is ability-based emotional intelligence impervious to the Flynn effect? A cross-temporal meta-analysis (2001–2015)
Pietschnig, Jakob; Gittler, Georg
Intelligence: Articles in press



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Research Byte: Learning and retrieval processes predict fluid intelligence over and above working memory via BrowZine

Learning and retrieval processes predict fluid intelligence over and above working memory
Wang, Tengfei; Ren, Xuezhu; Schweizer, Karl
Intelligence: Articles in press



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Fwd: Brain prints reveal children's reading difficulties


You are subscribed to News - All NSF News for National Science Foundation Update. This information has recently been updated, and is now available.

01/23/2017 12:00 AM EST

researcher explaining the brain wave read-out to child participant New test uses brain's electrical activity to pinpoint reading challenges early, increasing chances for success in school

Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/brainprints.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


This is an NSF News item.

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Kevin S. McGrew,  PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director
Institute for Applied Psychometrics (IAP)
www.themindhub.com
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Sunday, January 22, 2017

Gv resource: National Spatial Skills Research Network

Just discovered this important resource on visual-spatial abilities. File under Gv in CHC taxonomy.


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Thursday, January 19, 2017

Disney - Scott Barry Kaufman Profile (Be Inspired)

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Brain teaser to challenge your frontal lobes



Brain teaser to challenge your frontal lobes

Here is a fun brain teaser from puzzle master Wes Carroll. Tipping the Scales Question: The top two scales in the image at the right are in perfect…

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Tuesday, January 17, 2017

The Frequency-Following Response - A Window into Human | Nina Kraus



The Frequency-Following Response - A Window into Human | Nina Kraus

A Window into Human Communication Editors: Kraus, N., Anderson, S., White-Schwoch, T., Fay, R.R., Popper, A.N. (Eds.) ​Provides a…

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The nationwide register‐based prevalence of intellectual disability during childhood and adolescence



The nationwide register‐based prevalence of intellectual disability during childhood and adolescence

Abstract Background Many studies have evaluated the prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) by…

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Sunday, January 15, 2017

Research Byte: Normality: Part descriptive, part prescriptive via BrowZine

Normality: Part descriptive, part prescriptive
Bear, Adam; Knobe, Joshua
Cognition: Articles in press



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Saturday, January 14, 2017

Disturbances in the salience network may be common mechanism for multiple psychiatric disorders



Yet more support for the importance of understanding brain networks.  I have also suggested the importance of the interplay of the salience network, the default network and the central executive control network in my MindHub Pub 2 white paper....in an attempt to explain the possible mechanisms of a neurotechnology that appears to make demands on attentional control.  Report can be found here....http://www.themindhub.com/research-reports

"Disturbances in the salience network may be a common etiology underlying many psychiatric disorders."

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A Mindset “Revolution” Sweeping Britain’s Classrooms May Be Based On Shaky Science



A Mindset "Revolution" Sweeping Britain's Classrooms May Be Based On Shaky Science

From BuzzFeed on Flipboard

The "growth mindset" phenomenon has swept through schools over the last 20 years and purportedly explains everything…

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Friday, January 13, 2017

Thursday, January 12, 2017

What is the Flynn Effect, and how does it change our understanding of IQ? via BrowZine

What is the Flynn Effect, and how does it change our understanding of IQ?
Shenk, David
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science: Vol. 8 Issue 1-2 – 2017: e1366

10.1002/wcs.1366

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Wednesday, January 11, 2017

U.S. Supreme Court to decide on education rights for millions of children with disabilities



U.S. Supreme Court to decide on education rights for millions of children with disabilities

From Los Angeles Times on Flipboard

The Supreme Court will take up a potentially momentous education case on Wednesday and try to clarify the…

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Saturday, January 07, 2017

The Science of Expertise - Excellent new web resource


This looks like an excellent new web resource.

The Science of Expertise

Are you intelligent — or rational? It's appealing to think that "all it takes is a lot of practice," but the factors behind elite performance are more complicated than that.…

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Friday, January 06, 2017

Intelligence | Conference of the Society for the Neuroscience of Creativity 2017-Call for Abstracts



Intelligence | Conference of the Society for the Neuroscience of Creativity 2017-Call for Abstracts

Rex Jung (ISIR member and our host for ABQ 2014) brings the 2017 meeting of the Society for the…

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True grit and genetics: Predicting academic achievement from personality.



True grit and genetics: Predicting academic achievement from personality.

2016 Nov;111(5):780-789. Epub 2016 Feb 11. 1MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry,…

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Tuesday, January 03, 2017

The FLynn Effect to 2100



The FLynn Effect to 2100

There is a new expert survey out which, amongst other things, queries the world's top psychometrics experts on the future of the FLynn effect (Flynn + Lynn – clever). James…

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Monday, January 02, 2017

The Flynn Effect Explained (partly)



The Flynn Effect Explained (partly)

The Flynn Effect is important to understand; it is better understood now than ever before, but there is more to research; and it is probably more limited in its…

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******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
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